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While living in Taiwan, I had the opportunity to practise several sports mostly using Chinese to communicate with instructors and fellow practitioners. Doing so made me realise that there is huge potential for language learning in practising sports. The obvious advantages include an increased vocabulary about the specific activity, but as we shall see, I believe sports and similar activities are really good for more reasons, mostly social and psychological. Since it’s quite good to practise some kind of sport anyway, this shouldn’t take up much extra time. Combining two activities you’re already performing is one of the best ways of increasing efficiency.

I’ve practised various sports which were all taught and/or practised in Chinese: Tai Chi (太极拳), diving, yoga and football. Apart from these, I have also had PE class for one semester, which included everything from badminton and volleyball to jogging and table tennis. From these experiences, I’ve learnt a couple of things I’d like to share with you. Have you practised any sports yourself? Leave a comment and share with us!

Real communication with direct feedback

Arriving in a new country, most people find it somewhat difficult to start interacting with natives without having any reason to do so apart from the urge/need to learn the language. Practising some kind of sport is an excellent way of circumventing this problem and making communication very real immediately. Not only will it be real, the kind of communication you’ll have will most likely also include some direct feedback. If the instructor tells you something and you don’t get it, the instruction might be followed by another one, possible with some helpful gestures.

Depending on what you practise, you can learn a lot. For example, when I practised diving (which I did consistently for one semester), I had a very good coach who not only managed to improve my diving a lot, but he also taught me much about how to describe motion, movements and the human body. He would tell me what I should change in my dives, show me as best as he could and then give me feedback on whether I improved or not. This communication was real and felt important at the time.

Practising diving in 左營, 高雄, Taiwan, autumn 2008.

Practising sports, making friends

I think there are two different ways of practising sports (providing you do it in a social setting and not on your own). First, you can join some kind of club at a nearby university (might be easier if you actually study there), in which case you will get to know quite a lot of native students. The point is that these people aren’t there primarily to meet you, so the kind of interaction you will have with these natives are quite different from language exchange partners or other people you meet because of some mutual interest in each other. In my experience, most people I’ve met in this way have been very positive towards me as a foreigner, but you might meet people who just think you’re a stupid foreigner. Don’t despair, this might be very good! Always interacting with people who do everything they can to understand what you say is one thing, but talking with people who don’t particularly want to listen to you broken Chinese is quite a challenge.

Second, you can find some way of practising which is not linked to any school or university. I practised yoga this way (although not for very long). This has the additional benefit of bringing you into contact with people who aren’t students and might not interact with foreigners at all in their daily lives. Again, they’re not there mainly to talk to you, so the kind of practise you get will not be the same as with a teacher or classmate. If you’re the kind of person who can sit down and chat with random strangers in the park, then I don’t think you’ll find this very helpful, but I’m not like that personally and I think at least some readers are like me. If you share a common interest with someone, it’s a lot easier to get a conversation going. Regardless of how limited your ability might be, you still have something you really want to communicate. A common ground to build from is an excellent start.

You don’t have time? Really?

As I said in the beginning, the question of if you have time or not depends much more on being flexible than actually not having time. It’s about being smart and diversifying your learning. Most people I know either already practise some sport or have the ambition to do so. Why not combine this with your language learning? I realised that your favourite sport might not be available where you live (I was very lucky indeed to be able to practise diving) or your favourite sport might not be very social, but in these cases, you might have to make some sacrifices. Perhaps you can practise something you like, even though you would’ve preferred something else if it available. Likewise, if you’re so busy that you don’t practise anything at all, you might consider sacrificing something to get that extra one or two hours each week. This is a matter of prioritising and something you’ll have to do on your own.

I suggest that you around and see what activities you can find. If you find something which looks interesting, why don’t you try it out? In case you’re already practising sports in Chinese (or have done so), I’d be delighted to read about your experience, so please leave a comment before you go.


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9 Responses to Practising sports to learn Chinese and make friends

  1. Sara K. says:

    I had been thinking about doing this myself. Unfortunately, I don’t live near a university, and the only sports which can be done in this area are walking, biking, and hiking, none of which are particularly social.

    Fortunately, I am the kind of person who can strike up conversations with strangers in the park ;)

  2. Great tip! You created a learning environment for yourself and it was a fun one. I always take the kids to the playground when we visit Taiwan. They play and they speak Chinese to new friends.

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  4. angeles says:

    I also think so. It´s a very good idea.

  5. [...] one of your hobbies to Chinese (example: sports, computer games, [...]

  6. Warp2243 says:

    Very good advice, thank you :)
    I’m thinking of going to China in the near future (before or during summer 2013 if possible), and it’ll probably be outside of university context. I mean I’ll have 100% free time, but less opportunities at first to get in contact with people.
    Joining a sports club is therefore an excellent suggestion :)

    I have some questions :

    (1) which sports would you consider more ‘social’? i.e. you can talk a little during the training, OR feel some kind of proximity with other people (because talking during training isn’t always good ;)), which will lead to discussion after training, to taking a drink and other activities outside of the club (in short, make friends from this). I’m thinking team sports… do they practice baseball in China, or is it just Japan and the USA in the whole world? :P Any other ideas?

    (2) what kind of other clubs (i.e. not sports) could you join easily, as before with the objective of socializing? Board games look nice, you can easily talk and take your time :) (I’d be interested in Go)

    (3) can you easily join the above kind of clubs, at any moment of the year and only for the duration of your (short) stay? where do you have to inquiry to join a club at a random time?

    Actually I’m thinking I’d like you to write an article basically explaining how to socialize in China if you go there with this sole purpose (no job, studies, whatever, completely vacations-like). With tons of good examples like this, and explaining what could work better or won’t be judged in a bad way specifically in China (thinking of cultural differences here, coz’ I really don’t know a lot about this for now).
    Ideally I’d love some kind of program where you are hosted in a Chinese family, because that was my best time in Japan and also how I did tremendous progress (willing to pay for this). Well there’s WOOFing, but I’d like to avoid working and have my free time.

    • Olle Linge says:

      I wrote a really long answer and then accidentally hit “cancel” which deleted the entire comment. I’ll rewrite the important bits, but rewriting everything is too tedious. Sorry.

      Basically, the answer to your questions depends on where you live, who you are and what you want. It’s very hard to give general answers. I’ll try, anyway.

      1) I don’t think it matters much. Check what’s available, try them out and compare.
      2) This depends entirely on where you are. I suggest asking a native speaker to help you look.
      3) I have never had problems with this, but again, it might depend on where you are.

      The reason I don’t write about this more is that there would have to be “it depends” disclaimers for every single sentence. :)

      Good luck!

  7. Rob says:

    An important thing that I feel is worth mentioning to which I only saw one minor reference (bias: I worked in a neuroengineering lab) is that physical exercise is one of the best ways to stimulate brain activity. My best semester in college was the one where I exercised the most, even though I also had tons of work, so that “don’t have time” is an empty excuse, as you said. While in mainland China, I ran often which wasn’t particularly social, though I could talk while stretching and cooling down after a workout. Even in a totally isolated sport, that is a great time to listen to audio, review things in your head, or just decompress so that the rest of the day can be effective.

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